Zamir & co. Lawyers and Rabbinical Lawyer

Lawyers and Rabbinical lawyer 'toen rabani'

Our office has the winning combination of lawyers and Rabbinical lawyer. This combination is unique in the world of  of expertise in family law and rabbinical court procedures. This unique blend of expertise in both family law and rabbinical court procedures provides our clients with a significant advantage, leading to optimal outcomes in their cases.

With extensive experience in handling complex and intricate legal matters, our office prioritizes professionalism, innovation, and excellence in all our endeavors.

We are proud to be recognized among the top firms in the field of family and inheritance law, according to the esteemed ranking ‘Globes DUN’S 100’.

On our website, you will find valuable resources, including precedent rulings represented by our office, insightful lectures delivered by our attorneys, and informative content on family law.

Divorce attorney

Divorce attorney

Providing legal representation for individuals involved in divorce proceedings, with a particular focus on crafting a personalized strategy and offering continuous support throughout the entire process. Our approach emphasizes addressing both the emotional and practical challenges of the crisis, empowering clients with mental resilience until the end of the proceedings.

Family attorney

Family attorney

Expert legal assistance in the realm of family law, encompassing tasks such as crafting intricate agreements, drafting wills, managing inheritances, appointing guardians, handling elder law concerns, and more. Swift, empathetic, and proficient guidance is provided across all facets of family-related matters.

Toen Rabani (Rabbinical Lawyer)

A rabbinical lawyer in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem

A rabbinical lawyer in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Our achievements stem from a team of attorneys specializing in civil family and inheritance laws, complemented by a rabbinical lawyer well-versed in rabbinic courts and thoroughly knowledgeable in halachic family law.

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Famous judgments in which our office represented


Client satisfaction

Most of the public is familiar with the role of lawyers, whose job it is to represent clients in courts, during transactions or in matters against authorities. However, the majority of the public does not know that there is a similar and important role (that corresponds to lawyers) called a ‘toen rabani’ a Rabbinic advocate who is a qualified expert to represent clients before the rabbinical court.

A Rabbinical lawyer – ‘toen rabani’ is an individual duly authorized to act as a representative for clients in the realm of family law within the Rabbinical Court in Israel.

The significance of this role becomes particularly pronounced due to the fact that matters pertaining to marriage and divorce are governed by religious Jewish law. The Rabbinical Courts – (Marriage and Divorce Law of 1953) specifies that the marital and divorce proceedings involving Jewish individuals in the State of Israel are to be conducted in accordance with “Torah law.”

This pertains specifically to Jewish spouses and citizens of Israel seeking a divorce, who must initiate the process by filing a claim with the Rabbinical court. The rabbinical court, in turn, is vested with the authority to deliberate on the issue in adherence to longstanding Jewish legal laws. Consequently, navigating issues of marriage and divorce demands not only legal expertise but also a knowledge of Halacha, which may not be commonplace among the general public or even lawyers specializing in family law.

To illustrate the influence of Jewish law in matters of marriage and divorce, consider the following example: for Jewish citizens of Israel seeking a divorce, the requisite step is to file a divorce claim with the Rabbinical Court. This claim is tantamount to a legal proceeding, necessitating the presentation of evidence supporting grounds for divorce. In this case, and unlike other matters,  grounds for divorce are not fixed in the laws of the the country, but rather, they are delineated in the laws of Jewish Halacha. Recognized grounds for divorce include betrayal (on the part of the woman), acts of “ugliness” (improper behavior by the woman), “violating the Jewish religion” (by the woman), mutilation, abstaining from sexual intercourse, and more. Consequently, establishing grounds for divorce requires adherence to the principles outlined in Jewish Halacha.

To effectively represent clients before the Rabbinical Court, specialized professionals, known as ‘toanim rabaniim’ – Rabbinical lawyers, possess the unique qualifications essential for this intricate task.

Rabbinical lawyers, also known as “toanim rabaniim,” constitute a distinct professional category, often overlapping with the legal field as many toanim rabaniim are also lawyers. Nevertheless, even if a rabbinical lawyer lacks a legal background, they retain the capacity to represent clients exclusively before religious courts, namely the rabbinical court and the great rabbinic court, which functions as an appellate body.

The authority, qualifications, and accreditation of rabbinical lawyers are delineated in the regulations governing their practice, established in 2001 (hereinafter referred to as “the regulations”).         According to these regulations, a rabbinical lawyer must hold Torah certification, which entails either completing over four years of study in a yeshiva or three years of study in an educational institution, accompanied by a certificate attesting to their Torah proficiency. Additionally, a rabbinical lawyer can only act as a representative if they are 18 years or older. The official certificate, recognizing the right of rabbinical lawyers to practice, is conferred by a committee specially appointed by the president of the Great Rabbinical Court. Also, notably, a toen rabani’s certificate is valid for five years and is subject to periodic renewal.

It is essential to highlight that obtaining a license as a toen rabani requires maintaining a clean criminal record, and individuals convicted of crimes involving defamation are ineligible for such certification. Furthermore, applicants for a rabbinical lawyer’s certificate must demonstrate to the committee that they adhere to a religious and modest lifestyle.

Similar to lawyers, rabbinical lawyers are bound by ethical rules that mandate respectful conduct toward the courts and judges. Additional ethical guidelines prohibit rabbinical lawyers from soliciting clients, engaging in self-promotion, and more. It is noteworthy that a rabbi found guilty of an ethical transgression may face penalties such as license revocation, suspension, reprimand, fines, and other disciplinary measures.

It is pertinent to mention that historically, rabbinical lawyers were exclusively male. However, following a landmark ruling by the Supreme Court, women are now eligible to serve as rabbinical advocates as well.

A rabbinical lawyer can provide valuable assistance to clients seeking faithful representation in the rabbinical courts. Therefore, we strongly advocate the use of a rabbinic lawyer, particularly when confronting a divorce or other legal proceedings within the jurisdiction of the rabbinical court.

The rabbinical lawyer brings added value to proceedings involving halachic significance or questions that may lack clear answers from the rabbinic judges. Consequently, we assert that utilizing a rabbinical lawyer is decidedly beneficial.

It is worth noting that opting for a rabbinical lawyer who is also a lawyer is preferable. This approach ensures that the client can benefit from a comprehensive array of services, ranging from representation before the Rabbinical Court to assistance with various issues pertaining to family law in the family court.

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